Local responses to global interactions

Local and civil society resistance to global interactions:

The rejection of globalized production, including campaigns against TNCs and in favour of local sourcing of food and goods by citizens

Reasons for the rejection:

Examples of rejection

Advantages and disadvantages of globalized production

Advantages and disadvantages of localized production

The rise of anti-immigration movements
Anti-globalization: a “reaction towards the loss of distinctiveness and sovereignty” (IB Syllabus)

Anti-globalization movement (AGM): A general term used to describe a wide range variety of pressure protestors, lobbyists and pressure groups. (Nagle and Cooke 385)

Examples of anti-globalization movements


  • Formed by a disagreement between the Anabaptist group in Switzerland (1693)
  • Migrated to US in the 18th Century
  • Largest population found in Ohio (about 55,000)
  • They are famous for their attempt at avoiding globalisation
  • To an extent, they succeeded in avoiding it but there are loopholes
  • How do the Amish avoid globalisation?


  • Rejecting the use of machinery; they prefer to work in groups (anti-individualism)
  • Dressing in the traditional fashion (plain and simple), they rejected modern way of dressing
  • using traditional tools and traditional methods of transports (horses and carriages)
  • Refusing to use electricity (must be self-generated)
  • Using computers, phones or televisions
  • Not engaging in direct communication
  • Marrying within the community and avoiding interactions with outsiders
  • Speaking their native language only
  • Aspects where the Amish failed to avoid globalisation are:
  • Working outside their community due to expensive land prices and increasing population
  • Trading with outsiders by means of souvenir shops to increase their income
  • Some groups have allowed the use of cars
  • Some groups know how to speak English
  • At age 16, members are sent out there into the world and are given a choice to decide whether they want to remain a part of the Amish community (90% stay)


Question: Discuss why anti-globalization movements/groups are found in most countries.

Geopolitical constraints on global interactions:

  • government and militia controls on personal freedoms to participate in global interactions
  • national trade restrictions, including protectionism and resource nationalism

The role of civil society in promoting international-mindedness and participating in global interactions, including social media use and campaigning for internet freedom

  • Two detailed examples of places where restricted freedoms have been challenged


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